¡ Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects connective tissue — the fibers that support and anchor your organs and other structures in your body.
¡ The protein that plays a role in Marfan syndrome is called fibrillin-1.
¡ Marfan syndrome is caused by a defect (or mutation) in the gene that tells the body how to make fibrillin-1.
¡ This mutation causes problems in connective tissues throughout the body.
¡ Tall and slender build
¡ Disproportionately long arms, legs, fingers and toes
¡ A breastbone that protrudes outward or dips inward
¡ A high, arched palate and crowded teeth
¡ Heart murmurs
¡ Extreme nearsightedness
¡ An abnormally curved spine
¡ Flat feet
¡ How Is Marfan Syndrome Treated?
¡ Marfan syndrome has no cure. However, treatments can help delay or prevent complications, especially when started early.
¡ Aortic dilation, is the most common and serious heart problem linked to Marfan syndrome. In this condition, the aorta—the main artery that carries oxygen-rich blood to your body—stretches and grows weak.
¡ Medicines are used to try to slow the rate of aortic dilation. Surgery is used to replace the dilated segment of aorta before it tears.
¡ If you have Marfan syndrome, you'll need routine care and tests to check your heart valves and aorta.
¡ Asperger’s Syndrome, is a type of Pervasive Developmental Disorder(PDD).
¡ PDDs are a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, most notably the ability to socialize with others, to communicate, and to use imagination.
¡ Asperger's syndrome was named for the Austrian doctor, Hans Asperger, who first described the disorder in 1944.
¡ What Causes Asperger's Syndrome?
¡ The exact cause of Asperger's syndrome is not known. However, the fact that it tends to run in families suggests that it may be inherited (passed on from parent to child).
¡ What Are the Symptoms of Asperger's Syndrome?
¡ Problems with social skills
¡ Eccentric or repetitive behaviors
¡ Communication difficulties
¡ Limited range of interests
¡ Coordination problems
¡ Skilled or talented
Can Asperger's Syndrome Be Prevented?
¡ Asperger's syndrome cannot be prevented or cured. However, early diagnosis and treatment can improve function and quality of life.
¡ Children with Asperger's syndrome are at risk for developing other conditions, such as depression, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. But, there are various treatment options available for these conditions.
Page 2 of 14